A "$2$-group" is a category equipped with a multiplication satisfying laws like those of a group. Just as groups have representations on vector spaces, $2$-groups have representations on "$2$-vector spaces", which are categories analogous to vector spaces. Unfortunately, Lie $2$-groups typically have few representations on the finite-dimensional $2$-vector spaces introduced by Kapranov and Voevodsky. For this reason, Crane, Sheppeard...

"January 2012, volume 215, number 1013 (fourth of 5 numbers)."

This book presents the foundations of Euclidean geometry from the point of view of mathematics, taking advantage of all the developments since the appearance of Hilbert's classic work. Here, real affine space is characterized by a small number of axioms involving points and line segments making the treatment self-contained and thorough. This treatment is accessible for final year undergraduates and graduate students, and can also ser...

The papers in this volume cover a wide variety of topics in the geometric theory of functions of one and several complex variables, including univalent functions, conformal and quasiconformal mappings, and dynamics in infinite-dimensional spaces. In addition, there are several articles dealing with various aspects of Lie groups, control theory, and optimization. Taken together, the articles provide the reader with a panorama of activ...

The authors consider the two matrix model with an even quartic potential $W(y)=y^4/4+\alpha y^2/2$ and an even polynomial potential $V(x)$. The main result of the paper is the formulation of a vector equilibrium problem for the limiting mean density for the eigenvalues of one of the matrices $M_1$. The vector equilibrium problem is defined for three measures, with external fields on the first and third measures and an upper constrain...

The aim of the series is to present new and important developments in pure and applied mathematics. Well established in the community over two decades, it offers a large library of mathematics including several important classics. The volumes supply thorough and detailed expositions of the methods and ideas essential to the topics in question. In addition, they convey their relationships to other parts of mathematics. The series is a...

Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff space with $n$ proper continuous self maps $\sigma_i:X \to X$ for $1 \le i \le n$. To this the authors associate two conjugacy operator algebras which emerge as the natural candidates for the universal algebra of the system, the tensor algebra $\mathcal{A}(X,\tau)$ and the semicrossed product $\mathrm{C}_0(X)\times_\tau\mathbb{F}_n^+$. They develop the necessary dilation theory for both models. ...

The authors develop a notion of axis in the Culler-Vogtmann outer space $\mathcal{X}_r$ of a finite rank free group $F_r$, with respect to the action of a nongeometric, fully irreducible outer automorphism $\phi$. Unlike the situation of a loxodromic isometry acting on hyperbolic space, or a pseudo-Anosov mapping class acting on Teichmuller space, $\mathcal{X}_r$ has no natural metric, and $\phi$ seems not to have a single natural ax...

The author expounds the notion of supported blow-up and applies it to study the renowned Nirenberg/Kazdan-Warner problem on $S^n$. When $n \ge 5$ and under some mild conditions, he shows that blow-up at a point with positive definite Hessian has to be a supported isolated blow-up, which, when combined with a uniform volume bound, is a removable singularity. A new asymmetric condition is introduced to exclude single simple blow-up. Th...

"Regularization techniques" is the common name for a variety of methods used to make sense of divergent series, divergent integrals, or traces of linear operators in infinite-dimensional spaces. Such methods are often indispensable in problems of number theory, geometry, quantum field theory, and other areas of mathematics and theoretical physics. However arbitrary and noncanonical they might seem at first glance, regularized sums, i...